Archive digitization

Aviation and Diplomacy

Frank Piasecki

NATO 1949-2009 Projekt ekspozycji w Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego w Krakowie

Polish Aviation Museum

31-864 Kraków,
al. Jana Pawła II 39
phone: (12) 640 99 60,
(12) 642 40 70

Malopolska Region


Kraków Airport

Glider: SZD-10 bis Czapla

SZD-10 bis Czapla
primary training glider

  • Technical data

Span 16.0 m
Length 8.7 m
Wing area 24.0 m2
Empty weight 280 kg
Take-off weight 435 kg
Glide ratio 17.1 at 64 km/h optimum speed
Sink rate 0.96 m/s at 52 km/h economy speed
Minimum speed 48 km/h
Max. diving speed 160 km/h


A two seater all wooden, training glider built in strutted high wing configuration with a fuselage of polygonal section. Design of the Czapla (heron) was carried out at the SZD in Bielsko-Biała in 1952–1953 as an order of the Friends of Soldiers League – a paramilitary organization which also carried out an aviation training for youth at aero clubs. The new construction was intended for the rubber ropes, winch or aircraft take-off and for the basic aerobatics. The glider's designers were engineers: Roman Zatwarnicki, Irena Kaniewska and Marian Gracz.

The prototype of the Czapla flew in November 1953, however it appeared, that the construction requires introduction of several improvements. The built of the second prototype ended 1954. After next changes, concerning ailerons construction and air brakes, the glider was introduced into serial production as the SZD-10 bis Czapla. It was cheap and simple construction.

The Czaplas were produced in big quantities at the Sport Aviation Gliders Works (the ZSLS) in Krosno, at the ZSLS in Wrocław and at the Military Repair Workshops in Łódź. The gliders were used at the aeroclubs until the beginning of the 1980s. They were also exported to Finland and Turkey.

The displayed SP-1477 SZD-10 bis Czapla flew with the Krakow Aero Club until 1972.



Dofinansowano ze środków Ministra Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego
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