Aircraft engine: SNECMA ATAR 09C
|Configuration||single-spool axial-flow turbojet with nine-stage compressor and two-stage turbine and afterburner|
|Weight||1,456 kg (3,210 lb)|
|Maximum dry thrust||42 kN (4,282 kG, 9,442 lbf)|
|Maximum thrust with afterburner||58.9 kN (6,006 kG, 13,240 lbf)|
A French engine for supersonic combat aircraft, developed from a German WWII turbojet.
The basis for the development of the ATAR engine was the German BMW 003 turbojet designed during World War II. Its designer Herman Östrich was employed by the French and under his supervision in the former Dornier factory at Rickenbach in the French occupational zone of Germany there began the development of large and more powerful engines based on the BMW 003 design. The design bureau was named ATAR (abbreviation for Atelier Technique Aéronautique Rickenbach).
The preliminary design of the ATAR 101 engine was completed in October 1945 and the first ATAR 101 engine ran in March of 1948. The ATAR 101 engine powered the Dassault Super Mystère fighter-bomber. Subsequently the ATAR 08 and 09 versions were developed, similar in size to the 101 version, but significantly redesigned – a nine-stage compressor replaced the seven-stage one, two-stage turbine and improved afterburner were also adopted. This effected in thrust increase.
The engine on display is the 09C variant, used in the Mirage III fighters and Mirage V fighter-bombers and was introduced in 1959. The engine is started by an air starter in the nose cone.